Handbook of Clean Energy Systems.
Description: The Handbook of Clean Energy Systems brings together an international team ofexperts to present a comprehensive overview of the latest research, developmentsand practical applications throughout all areas of clean energy systems.Consolidating information which is currently scattered across a wide variety ofliterature sources, the handbook covers a broad range of topics in thisinterdisciplinary research field including both fossil and renewable energysystems. The development of intelligent energy systems for efficient energyprocesses and mitigation technologies for the reduction of environmentalpollutants is explored in depth, and environmental, social and economic impactsare also addressed.Topics covered include:Volume 1 - Renewable Energy: Biomass resources and biofuel production; BioenergyUtilization; Solar Energy; Wind Energy; Geothermal Energy; Tidal Energy.Volume 2 - Clean Energy Conversion Technologies: Steam/Vapor Power Generation;Gas Turbines Power Generation; Reciprocating Engines; Fuel Cells; Cogenerationand Polygeneration.Volume 3 - Mitigation Technologies: Carbon Capture; Negative Emissions System;Carbon Transportation; Carbon Storage; Emission Mitigation Technologies;Efficiency Improvements and Waste Management; Waste to Energy.Volume 4 - Intelligent Energy Systems: Future Electricity Markets; Diagnosticand Control of Energy Systems; New Electric Transmission Systems; Smart Grid andModern Electrical Systems; Energy Efficiency of Municipal Energy Systems; EnergyEfficiency of Industrial Energy Systems; Consumer Behaviors; Load Control andManagement; Electric Car and Hybrid Car; Energy Efficiency Improvement.Volume 5 - Energy Storage: Thermal Energy Storage; Chemical Storage; MechanicalStorage; Electrochemical Storage; Integrated Storage Systems.Volume 6 - Sustainability of Energy Systems: Sustainability Indicators,Evaluation Criteria, and Reporting; Regulation and Policy; Finance andInvestment; Emission Trading; Modeling and Analysis of Energy Systems; Energyvs. Development; Low Carbon Economy; Energy Efficiencies and Emission Reduction.Key features: Comprising over 3,500 pages in 6 volumes, HCES presents a comprehensive overview of the latest research, developments and practical applications throughout all areas of clean energy systems, consolidating a wealth of information which is currently scattered across a wide variety of literature sources. In addition to renewable energy systems, HCES also covers processes for the efficient and clean conversion of traditional fuels such as coal, oil and gas, energy storage systems, mitigation technologies for the reduction of environmental pollutants, and the development of intelligent energy systems. Environmental, social and economic impacts of energy systems are also addressed in depth. Published in full colour throughout. Fully indexed with cros
Contents: VOLUME 1: RENEWABLE ENERGYEditorial Board vInternational Advisory Board viiDedication ixContributors for Volume 1 xxiiiPreface xxviiPart 1 Introduction 11 Introduction: Renewable Energy 3Robert F. Boehm, Hongxing Yang, and Jinyue YanPart 2 Biomass Resources and Biofuel Production 92 Global Biomass Information: From Data Generation to Application 11Dmitry Schepaschenko, Florian Kraxner, Linda See, Sabine Fuss, Ian McCallum,Steffen Fritz, Christoph Perger, Anatoly Shvidenko, Georg Kindermann, StefanFrank, Markus Tum, Erwin Schmid, Juraj Balkovi?, and Kurt Günther3 Bioenergy Potential from Forest Biomass 35Sylvain Leduc, Georg Kindermann, Nicklas Forsell, and Florian Kraxner4 New Energy Crops for Biofuel Production 49Yunkai Jin, Jun Su, Chunlin Liu, and Chuanxin Sun5 Enhanced Microbial Process in the Sustainable Fuel Production 63Elias Hakalehto6 Algae Biofuels 85David Chiaramonti, Mario R. Tredici, Matteo Prussi, and Natascia Biondi7 First-Generation Biofuels 101Muhammad Naqvi and Jinyue Yan8 Fuel Ethanol from Lignocellulosic Biomass 119Chang Geun Yoo and Xuejun Pan9 Clean and Sustainable Biodiesel Production 139Lew P. Christopher and Hemanathan Kumar10 Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis 155Sushil Adhikari and Nourredine AdoulmouminePart 3 Bioenergy Utilization 16711 Biorefinery: Production of Biofuel, Heat, and Power Utilizing Biomass 169Muhammad Naqvi and Jinyue Yan12 Biomass for Polygeneration and District Heating 189Marco Baratieri and Dario Prando13 A Two-Phase Anaerobic Digestion Process for Biogas Production for CombinedHeat and Power Generation for Remote Communities 213Dongke Zhang, Mingming Zhu, Wenxu Zhou, Setyawati Yani, Zhezi Zhang, and JinhuWu14 Life Cycle Assessment of Biogas Systems 231Shaoqing Chen and Bin Chen15 Combined Heat and Power (CHP) Generation Using Gas Engines Fueled withPyrolysis Gases 245Dongke Zhang, Mingming Zhu, Zhezi Zhang, and Jinhu WuPart 4 Solar Energy 26316 Brief Introduction to Solar Energy Utilization 265Robert F. Boehm17 Basic Photovoltaic Theory 283Yahia Baghzouz18 Photovoltaics: Comparison of PV Cell Types 297Lewis M. Fraas19 Photovoltaics: Sun Tracking Systems 307Lewis M. Fraas20 Photovoltaics: Building-Integrated Photovoltaics 319John R. Balfour21 Solar Water Heating 335Robert F. Boehm22 Introduction: Concentrating Solar Power Systems 355Thomas R. Mancini23 Solar Thermal Power Systems in CSP Applications 363Mary Jane Hale24 Production of Hydrogen with Solar Energy 375Joop SchoonmanPart 5 Wind Energy 39925 Overview of Wind Energy Resource 401John K. Kaldellis26 Wind Energy Conversion Systems 431Hongxing Yang, Xiaoxia Gao, Tao Ma, Xiaodong Guo, and Di Liu27 Aerodynamics of Wind Turbine Technology 459Theodosios Korakianitis, M. A. Rezaienia, X. Shen, E. J. Avital, A. Munjiza, P.H. Wen, and J.